D3  Functions of the Liver

big ninja

Essential Idea:

The chemical composition of the

blood is regulated by the liver


  • The liver intercepts blood from the gut to regulate nutrient levels
  • Some nutrients in excess can be stored in the liver
  • Surplus cholesterol is converted into bile salts
  • The liver removes toxins from the blood and detoxifies them
  • Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus in hepatocytes produce plasma proteins
  • Components of red blood cells are recycled by the liver
  • The breakdown of erythrocytes starts with phagocytosis of red blood cells by Kupffer cells
  • Iron is carried to the bone marrow to produce haemoglobin in new red blood cells


  • Dual blood supply to the liver and differences between sinusoids and capillaries
  • Causes and consequences of jaundice