Functions of Mitosis

Mitosis functions as part of the process by which cells are cloned to make genetically identical daughter cells

  • There are four key reasons why a cell may be required to divide mitotically:


Tissue repair / replacement 

  • Damaged or aged cells replaced with identical healthy ones

Organismal growth

  • Multicellular organisms derive new cells via mitotis

Asexual reproduction

  • Vegetative propagation in plants occurs via mitotic division

Development (of embryos)

  • Zygotes undergo mitosis and differentiate to become embryos

Mnemonic:  TOAD