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•  Memory is the process of encoding, storing and accessing information

Learned behaviour is modified by experiences and thus requires memory to recall and process this information

  • If we could not remember past events, we couldn’t adapt our behaviour to new situations

Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored and retrieved

  • Encoding involves converting information into a form that can be stored (e.g. visual cues, sounds, semantics)
  • Accessing involves the retrieval of stored information to be actively used in cognitive processes

Information can be stored as a short term memory (short recall duration) or long term memory (indefinite recall period)

  • Short term memories can be converted to long term via the repetitive recall and consolidation of the information
  • Information that is not stored as a memory will be forgotten and will have to be re-learned

Many parts of the brain are involved in memory – including the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus

Process of Memory Formation